Publications: Journal Articles


Jennings, Elyse A. Forthcoming. "Influences of Child Composition on Marital Dissolution: Evidence from South Asia." Population Studies

Allendorf, Keera. 2017. "Conflict and Compatibility? Developmental Idealism and Gendered Differences in Marital Choice." Journal of Marriage and Family 79(2):337-55. DOI.

Sullivan, Abigail, Abigail M. York, Dave White, Sharon J. Hall, and Scott T. Yabiku. 2017. "De jure versus de facto institutions: trust, information, and collective efforts to manage the invasive mile-a-minute weed (Mikania micrantha)." International Journal of the Commons 11(1):171-199. DOI.

Sullivan, Abigail, Abigail M. York, Li An, Scott T. Yabiku, and Sharon J. Hall. 2017. "How Does Perception at Multiple Levels Influence Collective Action in the Commons? The Case of Mikania Micrantha in Chitwan, Nepal." Forest Policy and Economics 80:1-10. DOI.


Bhandari, Prem B., and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2016. "Rural Agricultural Change and Individual Out-migration." Rural Sociology 81(4):572-600. DOI.

Bhandari, Prem B., and Indra Chaudhary. 2016. "A Calendar Method of Collecting Remittance Use Data in a Remittance Dependent Setting of Nepal." Migration and Development Online Only. DOI.

Hawes, Armani, William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2016. "Ethnicity and Mental Health." Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health 4(4):1027.

Jennings, Elyse A. 2016. "Predictors of Marital Dissolution During a Period of Rapid Social Change: Evidence From South Asia." Demography 53(5):1351-1375. DOI.

Jennings, Elyse A., and Rachael Pierotti. 2016. "The influence of wives' and husbands' fertility preferences on progression to a third birth in Nepal, 1997-2009." Population Studies 70(1):115-133. DOI.


Allendorf, Keera, and Arland Thornton. 2015. "Caste and Choice: The Influence of Developmental Idealism on Marriage Behavior." American Journal of Sociology 121(1):243-287. PMC4629814.

Axinn, William G. 2015. "Demographic Change: The Case of Chitwan Valley in Nepal." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):1-3. DOI.

Axinn, William G., Dirgha J. Ghimire, Nathalie E. Williams, and Kate M. Scott. 2015. "Associations between the Social Organization of Communities and Psychiatric Disorders in Rural Asia." Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 50(10):1537-1545. DOI. PMC4594883.

Brauner-Otto, Sarah R. 2015. "Health Services, Attitudes, and Fertility Limitation." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):24-43. DOI.

Compernolle, Ellen (Nell). 2015. "Changing Attitudes Toward Care of Aging Parents: The Influence of Education, International Travel, and Gender." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):64-83. DOI. PMC4389642.

Ghimire, Dirgha J. 2015. "Wives' and Husbands' Nonfamily Experiences and First-Birth Timing." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):4-23. DOI. PMC4587386.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., William G. Axinn, and Emily Smith-Greenaway. 2015. "Impact of the Spread of Mass Education on Married Women's Experience with Domestic Violence." Social Science Research 54:319-331. DOI. PMC4607934.

Pearce, Lisa D., Sarah R. Brauner-Otto, and Yingchun Ji. 2015. "Explaining Religious Differentials in Family Size Preferences: Evidence from Nepal in 1996." Population Studies 65(1):23-37.

West, Brady T., Dirgha J. Ghimire, and William G. Axinn. 2015. "Evaluating a Modular Design Approach to Collecting Survey Data Using Text Messages." Survey Research Methods 9(2):111-123. PMC4551499.

Williams, Nathalie E. 2015. "Mixed and Complex Mixed Migration during Armed Conflict: Multidimensional Empirical Evidence from Nepal." International Journal of Sociology 45(1):44-63. DOI.


An, Li, Alex Zvoleff, Jianguo Liu, and William G. Axinn. 2014. "Agent-Based Modeling in Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS): Lessons from a Comparative Analysis." Annals of the Association for American Geographers 104(4):723-745. DOI.

Brauner-Otto, Sarah R. 2014. "Environmental Quality and Fertility: the Effects of Plant Density, Species Richness, and Plant Diversity on Fertility Limitation." Population and Environment 36(1):1-31. DOI.

Carter, Neil H., Andrés Viña, Vanessa Hull, William McConnell, William G. Axinn, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Jianguo Liu. 2014. "Coupled Human and Natural Systems Approach to Wildlife Research and Conservation." Ecology and Society 19(3):43. DOI.

Carter, Neil H., Shawn J. Riley, Ashton Shortridge, Binoj K. Shrestha, and Jianguo Liu. 2014. "Spatial Assessment of Attitudes Toward Tigers in Nepal." Ambio 43(2):125-137. DOI. PMC3906475.

Chen, Xiaodong, Andrés Viña, Ashton Shortridge, Li An, and Jianguo Liu. 2014. "Assessing the Effectiveness of Payments for Ecosystem Services: an Agent-Based Modeling Approach." Ecology and Society 19(1):7. DOI.

Jennings, Elyse A. 2014. "Marital Discord and Subsequent Dissolution: Perceptions of Nepalese Wives and Husbands." Journal of Marriage and Family 76(3):476-488. DOI. PMC4251804.

Williams, Nathalie E., Arland Thornton, and Linda Young-DeMarco. 2014. "Migrant Values and Beliefs: How Are They Different and How Do They Change?" Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 40(5):796-813. PMC3927938.

Yarger, Jennifer, and Sarah R. Brauner-Otto. 2014. "Nonfamily Experience and Receipt of Personal Care in Nepal." Ageing & Society 34(1):106-128. DOI. PMC4080634.

Zvoleff, Alex, and Li An. 2014. "The Effect of Reciprocal Connections between Demographic Decision Making and Land Use on Decadal Dynamics of Population and Land-Use Change." Ecology and Society 19(2):31. DOI.

Zvoleff, Alex, and Li An. 2014. "Analyzing Human-landscape Interactions: Tools that Integrate." Environmental Management 53(1):94-111. DOI.


Allendorf, Keera, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2013. "Determinants of Marital Quality in an Arranged Marriage Society." Social Science Research 42(1):59-70. DOI. PMC3711098.

Axinn, William G., Dirgha J. Ghimire, Nathalie E. Williams, and Kate M. Scott. 2013. "Gender, Traumatic Events and Mental Health Disorders in a Rural Asian Setting." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 54(4):444-461. DOI. PMC3891584.

Bhandari, Prem B. 2013. "Rural Livelihood Change? Household Capital, Community Resources and Livelihood Transition." Rural Studies 32:126-136. DOI. PMC3772533.

Bhandari, Prem B., and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2013. "Rural Agricultural Change and Fertility Transition in Nepal." Rural Sociology 78(2):229-252. DOI. PMC3667159.

Bohra-Mishra, Pratikshya. 2013. "Labour Migration and Investments by Remaining Households in Rural Nepal." Journal of Population Research 30(2):171-192. DOI.

Brauner-Otto, Sarah R. 2013. "Attitudes about Children and Fertility Limitation Behavior." Population Research and Policy Review 32(1):1-24. DOI. PMC3671613.

Carter, Neil H., Bhim Gurung, Andrés Viña, Jhamak B. Karki, and Jianguo Liu. 2013. "Assessing spatiotemporal changes in tiger habitat across different land management regimes." Ecosphere 4(10):art124. DOI.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., and William G. Axinn. 2013. "Marital Processes, Arranged Marriage, and Contraception to Limit Fertility." Demography 50:1663-1686. DOI. PMC3786027.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., Stephanie A. Chardoul, Ronald Kessler, William G. Axinn, and Bishnu Adhikari. 2013. "Modifying and Validating the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) for Use in Nepal." International Journal for Methods in Psychiatric Research 22(1):71-81. DOI. PMC3610833.

Jennings, Elyse A., and Jennifer S. Barber. 2013. "The Influence of Neighbors' Family Size Preference on Progression to High Parity Births in Rural Nepal." Studies in Family Planning 44(1):67-84. DOI. PMC3621985.

Ji, Yingchun. 2013. "Negotiating Marriage and Schooling Nepalese Women's Transition to Adulthood." The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 646(1):194-213. DOI.

Piotrowski, Martin. 2013. "Mass Media and Rural Out-Migration in the Context of Social Change: Evidence from Nepal." International Migration 51(3):169-193. DOI. PMC3724225.

Piotrowski, Martin, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Ronald R. Rindfuss. 2013. "Farming Systems and Rural Out-Migration in Nang Rong, Thailand and Chitwan Valley, Nepal." Rural Sociology 78(1):75-108. DOI. PMC3963478.

Williams, Nathalie E. 2013. "How Community Organizations Moderate the Effect of Armed Conflict on Migration in Nepal." Population Studies 67(3):353-369. DOI. PMC3674115.


Axinn, William G., Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Nathalie E. Williams. 2012. "Collecting Survey Data During Armed Conflict." Journal of Official Statistics 28(2):153-171. [Full Text] PMC3571111.

Brauner-Otto, Sarah R. 2012. "Schools, Their Spatial Distribution and Characteristics, and Fertility Limitation." Rural Sociology 77(3):321-354. DOI. PMC3498490.

Carter, Neil H., Binoj K. Shrestha, Jhamak B. Karki, Narendra Man Babu Pradhan, and Jianguo Liu. 2012. "Coexistence between Wildlife and Humans at Fine Spatial Scales." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(38):15360-15365. DOI. PMC3458348.

Carter, Neil H., Shawn J. Riley, and Jianguo Liu. 2012. "Utility of a Psychological Framework for Carnivore Conservation." Oryx 46(04):525-535. DOI.

Dangol, Dharma Raj, and Keshav Lall Maharjan. 2012. "Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Flora in Forest, Grassland and Common Land Ecosystems of Western Chitwan, Nepal." Journal of International Development and Cooperation 18(4):77-92. PMC4106148.

Jennings, Elyse A., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2012. "The Effect of Parents' Attitudes on Sons' Marriage Timing." American Sociological Review 77(6):923-945. DOI. PMC3590910.

Link, Cynthia F., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2012. "Household Energy Consumption: Community Context and Fuelwood Transition." Social Science Research 41:598-611. DOI. PMC3461177.

Thornton, Arland, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Colter Mitchell. 2012. "The Measurement and Prevalence of an Ideational Model of Family and Economic Development in Nepal." Population Studies 66(3):329-345. DOI. PMC3505987.

Thornton, Arland, Georgina Binstock, Kathryn M. Yount, Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi, Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Yu Xie. 2012. "International Fertility Change: New Data and Insights from the Developmental Idealism Framework." Demography 49(2):677-698. DOI. PMC3328099.

Williams, Nathalie E., Dirgha J. Ghimire, William G. Axinn, Elyse A. Jennings, and Meeta S. Pradhan. 2012. "A Micro-Level Event-Centered Approach to Investigating Armed Conflict and Population Responses." Demography 49(4):1521-1546. DOI. PMC3495997.


Axinn, William G., and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2011. "Social Organization, Population, and Land Use." American Journal of Sociology 117(1):209-258. DOI. PMC3162250.

Bohra-Mishra, Pratikshya, and Douglas S. Massey. 2011. "Individual Decisions to Migrate During Civil Conflict." Demography 48(2):401-424. DOI. PMC3365856.

Link, Cynthia F. 2011. "Spousal Communication and Contraceptive Use in Rural Nepal: An Event History Analysis." Studies in Family Planning 42(2):83-92. DOI. PMC3338321.


Axinn, William G., Jennifer S. Barber, and Ann E. Biddlecom. 2010. "Social Organization and the Transition from Direct to Indirect Consumption." Social Science Research 39:357-368. DOI. PMC2877213.

Brauner-Otto, Sarah R., and William G. Axinn. 2010. "Parental Family Experiences, the Timing of First Sex, and Contraception." Social Science Research 39(6):875-893. DOI. PMC2978908.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., and William G. Axinn. 2010. "Community Context, Land Use and First Birth." Rural Sociology 75(3):478-513. DOI. PMC2945390.

Massey, Douglas S., Nathalie E. Williams, William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2010. "Community Services and Out-Migration." International Migration 48(3):1-41. DOI. PMC3146299.

Massey, Douglas S., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2010. "Environmental Change and Out-Migration: Evidence from Nepal." Population and Environment 32(2):109-136. DOI. PMC3042700.


Bohra-Mishra, Pratikshya, and Douglas S. Massey. 2009. "Processes of Internal and International Migration from Chitwan, Nepal." International Migration Review 43(3):621-651. DOI. PMC3060790.

Brauner-Otto, Sarah R. 2009. "Schools, Schooling, and Children's Support of Their Aging Parents." Ageing & Society 29(7):1015-39. DOI. PMC2801906.

Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2009. "Reciprocal Relation between Population and the Environment: Innovation in Flora Data Collection." Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science 30:143-149. PMC3427142.

Shrestha, Binoj K., Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Dharma Raj Dangol. 2009. "Lahare Banmara (Mikania micrantha) ko Atikraman; Badhdo Chunauti." Paryabaran 89:26-30. DOI.

Williams, Nathalie E. 2009. "Education, Gender, and Migration in the Context of Social Change." Social Science Research 38(4):883-896. DOI. PMC3418604.

Yabiku, Scott T., and Sarah Schlabach. 2009. "Social Change and the Relationships Between Education and Employment." Population Research and Policy Review 28(4):533-549. DOI. PMC3066097.


Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2008. "Fulbari VDC (Chitwan) A Potential Destination for Agrotourism Business." Nepal Travel Trade Reporter 10(49):44-49.

Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2008. "Traditional Uses of Plants of Commonland Habitats in Western Chitwan, Nepal." Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science 29:71-78. PMC3432267.


Brauner-Otto, Sarah R., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2007. "The Spread of Health Services and Fertility Transition." Demography 44(4):747-770. DOI.

Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2007. "Human Impact on Plant Resources: Evidence from Western Chitwan, Nepal." Nepal Travel Trade Reporter 10(43):44-45.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., and Lynette F. Hoelter. 2007. "Land Use and First Birth Timing in an Agricultural Setting." Population and Environment 28(6):289-320. DOI.

Shrestha, Sundar S., and Humnath Bhandari. 2007. "Environmental Security and Labor Migration in Nepal." Population and Environment 29(1):25-38. DOI.


Ghimire, Dirgha J., and William G. Axinn. 2006. "Family Change in Nepal: Evidence from Western Chitwan." Contributions to Nepalese Studies 33(2):177-201.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., William G. Axinn, Scott T. Yabiku, and Arland Thornton. 2006. "Social Change, Premarital Nonfamily Experience, and Spouse Choice in an Arranged Marriage Society." American Journal of Sociology 111(4):1181-1218. DOI.

Shrestha, Binoj K., and Dharma Raj Dangol. 2006. "Change in Grassland Vegetation in the Northern Part of Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal." Scientific World 4(4):78-83.

Shrestha, Binoj K., Dharma Raj Dangol, and Krishnaji Ghimire. 2006. "Heterogeneity in Plant Population and Species Diversity in Barandabhar Corridor Forest, Chitwan." Banko Janakari 16(2):58-63.

Yabiku, Scott T. 2006. "Land Use and Marriage Timing in Nepal." Population and Environment 27(5-6):445-461. DOI.

Yabiku, Scott T. 2006. "Neighbors and Neighborhoods: Effects on Marriage Timing." Population Research and Policy Review 25(4):305-327. DOI.


Biddlecom, Ann E., William G. Axinn, and Jennifer S. Barber. 2005. "Environmental Effects on Family Size Preferences and Subsequent Reproductive Behavior in Nepal." Population and Environment 26(3):583-621. DOI.

Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2005. "Species Composition, Distribution, Life Forms and Folk Nomenclature of Forest and Common Land Plants of Western Chitwan, Nepal." Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science 26:93-105.

Dangol, Dharma Raj, Prem B. Bhandari, Bishnu Adhikari, Indra Chaudhary, and Susan Gurung. 2005. "Pashchhim Chitwanko banaspati surbhekchhen tatha vishleshan." Hamro Sirjana 2063:33-40.

Ghimire, Dirgha J., and Paul Mohai. 2005. "Environmentalism and Contraceptive Use: How People in Less Developed Settings Approach Environmental Issues." Population and Environment 27(1):29-61. DOI.

Yabiku, Scott T. 2005. "The Effect of Non-family Experiences on Age of Marriage in a Setting of Rapid Social Change." Population Studies 59(3):339-354. DOI.


Barber, Jennifer S. 2004. "Community Social Context and Individualistic Attitudes Toward Marriage." Social Psychology Quarterly 67(3):236-256. DOI.

Barber, Jennifer S., and William G. Axinn. 2004. "New Ideas and Fertility Limitation: The Role of Mass Media." Journal of Marriage and Family 66:1180-1200. DOI.

Barber, Jennifer S., Susan A. Murphy, and Natalya Verbitsky. 2004. "Adjusting for Time-Varying Confounding in Survival Analysis." Sociological Methodology 34:163-192. DOI.

Bhandari, Prem B. 2004. "Relative Deprivation and Migration in an Agricultural Setting of Nepal." Population and Environment 25(5):475-499. DOI.

Hoelter, Lynette F., William G. Axinn, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 2004. "Social Change, Premarital Non-Family Experiences, and Marital Dynamics." Journal of Marriage and Family 66:1131-1151. DOI.

Yabiku, Scott T. 2004. "Marriage Timing in Nepal: Organizational Effects and Individual Mechanisms." Social Forces 83(2):559-586. DOI.


Barber, Jennifer S., Ann E. Biddlecom, and William G. Axinn. 2003. "Neighborhood Social Change and Perception of Environmental Degradation." Population and Environment 25(2):77-108. DOI.


Barber, Jennifer S., Lisa D. Pearce, Indra Chaudhary, and Susan Gurung. 2002. "Voluntary Associations and Fertility Limitation." Social Forces 80(4):1369-1401. DOI.

Beutel, Ann M., and William G. Axinn. 2002. "Gender, Social Change, and Educational Attainment." Economic Development and Cultural Change 51(1):109-134. DOI.

Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2002. "Ethnobotanical research and education in Chitwan, Nepal." Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science 51(1):109-134. DOI.

Dangol, Dharma Raj. 2002. "Economic Uses of Forest Plant Resources in Western Chitwan, Nepal." Banko Janakari 12(2):56-64. PMC3469582.

Maples, Jerry J., Susan A. Murphy, and William G. Axinn. 2002. "Two-Level Proportional Hazards Models." Biometrics 58(4):754-763. DOI.

Pearce, Lisa D. 2002. "Integrating Survey and Ethnographic Methods for Systematic Anomalous Case Analysis." Sociological Methodology 32(1):103-132. DOI.


Axinn, William G., and Jennifer S. Barber. 2001. "Mass Education and Fertility Transition." American Sociological Review 66(4):481-505.

Axinn, William G., and Scott T. Yabiku. 2001. "Social Change, the Social Organization of Families, and Fertility Limitation." American Journal of Sociology 106(5):1219-1261. DOI.

Dangol, Dharma Raj, and Ganesh P. Shivakoti. 2001. "Plant Diversity of Western Chitwan: A Floristic Approach." Journal of Natural History Museum 20:129-148.

Dangol, Dharma Raj, and Ganesh P. Shivakoti. 2001. "Species Composition and Dominance of Plant Communities in Western Chitwan, Nepal." Nepal Journal of Science and Technology 3:69-78.

Pienta, Amy Mehraban, Jennifer S. Barber, and William G. Axinn. 2001. "Social Change and Adult Children's Attitudes toward Support of Elderly Parents: Evidence from Nepal." Hallym International Journal of Aging 3(2):211-235.


Barber, Jennifer S., Susan A. Murphy, William G. Axinn, and Jerry J. Maples. 2000. "Discrete-Time Multilevel Hazard Analysis." Sociological Methodology 30:201-235. DOI.

Matthews, Stephen A., Ganesh P. Shivakoti, and Netra Chhetri. 2000. "Population Forces and Environmental Change: Observations from Western Chitwan, Nepal." Society and Natural Resources 13:763-775. DOI.


Axinn, William G., Lisa D. Pearce, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 1999. "Innovations in Life History Calendar Applications." Social Science Research 28(3):243-264. DOI.

Shivakoti, Ganesh P., William G. Axinn, Prem B. Bhandari, and Netra Chhetri. 1999. "The Impact of Community Context on Land Use in an Agricultural Society." Population and Environment 20(3):191-213. DOI.


Axinn, William G., Jennifer S. Barber, and Dirgha J. Ghimire. 1997. "The Neighborhood History Calendar: A Data Collection Method Designed for Dynamic Multilevel Modeling." Sociological Methodology 27:355-392. DOI.

Barber, Jennifer S., Ganesh P. Shivakoti, William G. Axinn, and Kishor Gajurel. 1997. "Sampling Strategies for Rural Settings: A Detailed Example from Chitwan Valley Family Study, Nepal." Nepal Population Journal 6(5):193-203.